Biographies of the Inklings:
J.R.R. Tolkien

On January 3rd, 1892, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born. An English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, Tolkien is best known for his classic high fantasy works: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion

Tolkien’s studies were always very important to him. When the First World War began, he delayed enlisting until after he’d gotten his degree, and then joined the army in 1915. Tolkien married Edith Mary Bratt on March 22nd, 1916. 

He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke College Oxford from 1925 to 1945, and the Merton Professor of English Language and Literature at Merton College Oxford from 1945 to 1959. He was close to C.S. Lewis for a long while, both of them being members of an Oxford literary group called the Inklings. 

Tolkien completed The Lord of the Rings in 1948. From the time it was published (1954-1955) until his death (1973), Tolkien was to gain more and more popularity from this three-book work and its prequel, The Hobbit

Edith Tolkien died in 1971. A year after, Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. He died September 2nd, 1973 and was buried beside his wife under a tombstone engraved with the names Beren and Luthien along with their given names.

Courtney McCullough

Author and Proofreader